The History of Physiotherapy

At least since the time of Hippocrates, massage was used and the history of physiotherapy was started. The practice of physiotherapy has evolved through the centuries from the earliest forms of the complex system of treatment that is now.

In 460 BC C. Hector was using a type of physiotherapy, hydrotherapy called, or water therapy. Professionals use this type of therapy today, although it is more specialized for each type of condition patients have.

In 1894, it is the first evidence of a group of nurses in the history of physiotherapy with a Chartered Society. Within twenty years, physiotherapy programs were established in other countries. New Zealand began in 1913 and the United States in 1914.

The first American professionals in the history of physiotherapy were in the College and the Walter Reed Hospital in Portland Oregon. Rather than being called physiotherapists, they were called reconstruction aides. These aides were nurses and had a background in physical education. They were important in the recovery of many veterans of World War II.

The research has been done throughout the modern history of physiotherapy. In fact, right next to the first, a research study was conducted in the U.S.. It was published in 1921. Physiotherapy research continues today in many specialties.

Also in 1921, the Physical Therapy Association was formed by Mary McMillan. This group later became the APTA, arguably the most influential organization in American history of physiotherapy.

The Georgia Warm Springs Foundation was started in 1924 to address the growing epidemic of polio. The foundation offered physiotherapy for these patients. Sister Kinney was known nationally for her work with polio victims. She practiced at the Mayo Clinic. The polio epidemic was a turning point in the history of physiotherapy.

After the polio epidemic had subsided, the treatments of choice were massage, exercise, and traction. In about 1950, chiropractic manipulations came on the scene in the history of physiotherapy. This was more common in Britain.

After that time, the history of physiotherapy moved from hospitals in other service areas. There were and are, physiotherapists working in clinics, private clinics, nursing homes and schools. The Orthopedics specialty of physiotherapy was born at this time, too.

The International Federation of Orthopedic manipulation therapy entered the scene, and began making changes and has influenced the profession ever since. Mariano Rocabado was a physiotherapist who had a profound impact. Freddy Kaltenborn, from Norway, influenced physiotherapy on the east coast of the U.S.. At the same time, Geoffrey Maitland of Australia changed the way training is conducted in the history of physiotherapy.

The focus on the history of physiotherapy was on technology 1980. The new procedures did they use computers, ultrasound, electrical stimulation and other devices. In the 1990s, interest had shifted to manual therapy, with Freddy Kaltenborn again at the helm.

During the history of physiotherapy, training and practice have changed and improved. Many brilliant pioneers have left their mark on literature and field organizations. Physiotherapy is a profession highly respected as a result.

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